I often argue that there is no such thing as multicultural education in the Philippines as in almost every classroom, there is homogeneity; one culture, one language and one color. With this belief comes the affirmation that there is no pressing need to adopt a multicultural approach to education in the Philippines. However, after reading Ford’s paper that argues that multicultural education is not only for heterogeneous groups as homogenous groups are more vulnerable to undermine other cultures because of ignorance; I strongly suggest the need for our education system to adopt a multicultural approach to education. To prove the need for this, let us take into account one incident displayed by Filipinos during the FIBA Quarterfinal Games held in the Philippines. Gilas Pilipinas competed with New Zealand National Team. During the pre-game ceremony, the New Zealand Basketball Team performed the Haka Dance… the venue was filled with a resounding jeer from the Filipino fans. I believe this incident is not because they are our opponents during the tourney but more so we do not understand their culture. This incident should have not occurred if we have a multicultural approach to education despite being a homogenous society.
Last 2013, the Department of Education released Republic Act 10533 otherwise known as the Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013. This document directs all concerned in the implementation of the Basic Education Curriculum particularly the teachers to contextualize and localize the delivery of instruction. In contextualization and localization teachers must use materials, events, stories and whatever is utilized in the delivery of instruction something which students are familiar with.
In order to achieve multicultural education, I strongly support the idea of contextualization and localization as it provides proper and better understanding of one’s culture that leads to learning. However, there is a need for teachers to move one notch higher by providing our learners with global perspectives and introducing to them the culture and traditions of other nations thus eliminating ignorance.